Research References/Citations

Hierarchy vs. Flat structure | Power Dead-Even Rule

Freeman, Nancy “Preschoolers’ Perceptions of Gender Appropriate Toys and Their Parents’ Beliefs About Genderized Behaviors: Miscommunication, Mixed Messages, or Hidden Truths?” Early Childhood Education Journal March, 2007

Colarelli, Stephen with Jennifer Spranger and Regina Hechanova “Women, power, and sex composition in small groups: an evolutionary perspective Journal of Organizational Behavior, 2006

Heilman, Madeline E. and Julie J. Chen at New York University, “Same Behavior, Different Consequences: Reactions to Men’s and Women’s Altruistic Citizenship Behavior,” Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 90, No. 3, 431-441, 2005

Baron-Cohen, Simon. “The Essential Difference: The Truth about the Male and Female Brain” New York: Basic Books, 2003

Hines, Melissa. “Brain Gender” New York:  Oxford University Press, 2005

 

Leadership

Eagly, Alice and Steven Karau, “Role Congruity Theory of Prejudice Toward Female Leaders,” Psychological Review, 2002

Gurian, Michael with Barbara Annis. “Leadership and the Sexes: Using Gender Science to Create Success in Business” San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2008.

Yee, Lareina with Alexis Krivokovich, Eric Kutcher, Blair Epstein, Rachel Thomas, Ashley Finch, Marianne Cooper, and Ellen Konar  “Women in the Workplace”, LeanIn.Org & McKinsey & Company, 2018 study

Bazelon, Emily. “A Seat at The Head of the Table” The New York Times Magazine February, 2019

Barsh, Joanna and Lareina Yee, “Unlocking the full potential of women at work” McKinsey & Company, 2012

“Gender Diversity and Corporate Leadership” Credit Suisse Research Institute, August, 2012

Brescoll, Victoria L. “Who Takes the Floor and Why: Gender, Power, and Volubility in Organizations.” Administrative Science Quarterly 56.4 (2011): 622-641

 

Risk Taking vs. Honesty

Tenney, Elizabeth with Nathan Meikle, and David Hunsaker. “Research: When Overconfidence Is an Asset and When It’s a Liability” Harvard Business Review December, 2018

Bazelon, Emily. “A Seat at The Head of the Table” The New York Times Magazine February, 2019

Risse, Leonora, The Conversation “Why women have to work harder to be promoted” CNN Health November, 2018

 

Linguistic Differences

Kolev, Julian, Yuly Fuentes-Medel, and Fiona Murray, “Is Blinded Review Enough? How Gendered Outcomes Arise Even Under Anonymous Evaluations,” National Bureau of Economic Research, April, 2019 [see article below under 2019 by MIT Sloan School of Management]

Newman, Matthew L., Carla J. Groom, Lori D. Handelman, and James W. Pennebaker, “Gender Differences in Language Use: An Analysis of 14,000 Text Samples” June, 2008

Hanafiyeh, Masoomeh and Akbar Afghari, Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences, “Gender Differences in the Use of Hedges, Tag Questions, Intensifiers, Empty Adjectives and Adverbs: A Comparative Study in the Speech of Men and Women”  Islamic Azad University, Isfahan Branch, Iran, 2014 Vol. 4 (S4), pp. 1168-1177

Page, Bonnie, “Gender Issues and Leadership: How to Improve Communication among and between Men and Women,” ERIC, February, 1996

 

Talking Success and Failure

Trickey, Geoff (2017). “Risk Type Compass Technical Manual” (4th Ed.) Psychological Consultancy Ltd: Tunbridge Wells, Kent [pp. 52-53 and pp. 56-60]

Xia, Lingun “Luck or Skill: How Women and Men Attribute Successes and Failures” (2018), Honors Thesis Collection. 573

Dunning, David and Ehrlinger, Joyce, Cornell University, “How Chronic Self-Views Influence (and Potentially Mislead) Estimates of Performance” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2003.  Vol 84. No. 1, 5-17

Koch,S C. et al.,“Women and computers. Effects of stereotype threat on attribution of failure.” Computers & Education (2008), doi:10:1016/j.compedu.2008.05.007

E. Reuben at al., “The emergence of male leadership in competitive environments” Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 83 (2012) 111-117

 

Meeting Rules

Colarelli, Stephen with Jennifer Spranger and Regina Hechanova “Women, power, and sex composition in small groups: an evolutionary perspective” Journal of Organizational Behavior, 2006

Hall, Judith A. and Sarah D. Gunnery (2013). 21 “Gender differences in nonverbal communication.” Nonverbal Communication (pp. 639-670)

Bucur, Mihaela, “Communication in Gender Diverse Groups,” International Journal of Communication Research, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Iasi, Romania Volume 4 [pp. 369-372] December, 2014

Hancock, Adienne B. and Benjamin A. Rubin, “Influence of Communication Partner’s Gender on Language,” May 11, 2014

 

Different Rules of Talk | Nonverbal Communication

Bailey, April and Robert Lambert and Marianne LaFrance (2020), “Implicit Reactions to Women in High Power Body Postures: Less Wonderful But Still Weaker,” Journal of Nonverbal Behavior [original paper]

LaFrance, Marianne and Andrea C. Vial (2015), Chapter 6 “Gender and Nonverbal Behavior,” APA Handbook on Nonverbal Communication, December, 2015 [pp. 139-161]

Hall, Judith A. and Sarah D. Gunnery (2013). 21 “Gender differences in nonverbal communication.” Nonverbal Communication (pp. 639-670)

Briton, N.J. & Hall, J.A. Sex Roles (1995) 32: 79.

 

Additional References

2019

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/12/17/opinion/gender-science-study.html?smid=nytcore-ios-share

https://mitsloan.mit.edu/ideas-made-to-matter/who-gets-grant-money-gendered-words-decide

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/08/16/opinion/sunday/gender-bias-work.html?module=inline

https://hbr.org/2019/02/research-when-gender-diversity-makes-firms-more-productive#comment-section

https://theglasshammer.com/2019/05/30/emotional-intelligence-part-2-do-women-have-higher-emotional-intelligence-than-men/

https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/science/evolution/9005552/Men-twice-as-likely-to-take-risks.html

http://m.a.email.hbr.org/rest/head/mirrorPage/@EjFTkNTyMn1Tzu8aIvwVd9e6eJgo9sVfV3ZezvUdFNFi1PjzeQjti5_HJqKLI8DTYuhwtltAIULsNhjmAuu–luEYzGb8NeBipd-Q1nIT7O3NajB.html?deliveryName=DM44053

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/08/16/opinion/sunday/gender-bias-work.html

https://insight.kellogg.northwestern.edu/article/gender-bias-performance-reviews-ratings-scale

https://hbr.org/2019/09/the-metoo-backlash

https://hbr.org/2019/06/research-women-score-higher-than-men-in-most-leadership-skills

https://hbr.org/2019/08/a-lack-of-sponsorship-is-keeping-women-from-advancing-into-leadership

 

2018

https://hbr.org/2018/06/research-women-ask-for-raises-as-often-as-men-but-are-less-likely-to-get-them?utm_medium=email&utm_source=newsletter_monthly&utm_campaign=womenatwork_activesubs_movetile_womenatwork&deliveryName=DM44053

https://www.forbes.com/sites/jackzenger/2018/04/08/the-confidence-gap-in-men-and-women-why-it-matters-and-how-to-overcome-it/#4cd0c78c3bfa

https://www.mckinsey.com/featured-insights/gender-equality/women-in-the-workplace-2018

Carnevale, Anthony with Nicole Smith and Artem Guilish, “Women Can’t Win Executive Summary” Georgetown University, 2018

https://1gyhoq479ufd3yna29x7ubjn-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/Women_ES_Web.pdf?campaign_id=10&instance_id=10628&segment_id=14853&user_id=b88c79437757ce32ac349a57edbc2478&regi_id=79767577

 

2014

https://hbr.org/2014/08/why-women-dont-apply-for-jobs-unless-theyre-100-qualified

https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2014/05/the-confidence-gap/359815/

 

2002

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/articlepdf/195191/jrp10033.pdf

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/1f54/81ffac7c9495782c423b3de8034d8d2acba5.pdf